DEVELOPMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING SERVICES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Rifda El Fiah, Nilawati Tadjuddin

Abstract


Mental health is a psychological state that shows someone’s ability to make adjustments or solving problems that exist within themselves (internal) and problems that exist in the environment (external). Mental health issues in colleges/universities, especially in students’ lives are very important to be studied, considering the student’s life on college is far more complex and more vulnerable to mental health problems. One of the problems faced by students on college is adjusting themselves into a new environment and adjusting themselves to new peers. Students’ ability to adapt is varied. Some are easy to adjust to their new environment, especially with their peers, so that they have no difficulty in socializing and meeting their needs.  However, some others are unable to adjust to their peers, so that they have difficulty in socializing, meeting their needs, and resulting in the emergence of academic problems. Lecturers as educators and mentors have an important role in helping and directing the students in overcoming their difficulties, especially in terms of adjustment, so that they are able to adapt and complete their tasks optimally. Many strategies can be carried out in an effort to help and improve students' self-adjustment abilities so that they are not exposed to mental health problems, such as despair, moodiness, inferiority, pessimism, or skepticism by optimizing the role of lecturers as educators and academic advisers on college.

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